Osteomyelitis of the maxilla is now a rare event with the advent of antibiotics. The two predominant causes are odontogenic infections and sinusitis. Immunocompromised states such as diabetes, HIV, and malnutrition increase the risk of osteomyelitis.
Back to Health A to Z. Osteomyelitis is a painful bone infection. It usually goes away if treated early with antibiotics.
Correspondence Address : Dr. Fungal osteomyelitis is a life-threatening and seldom seen opportunistic infection. It is commonly an affectation of the nose and paranasal sinuses within the orofacial region.
Osteomyelitis is an inflammation or swelling of bone tissue that is usually the result of an infection. Bone infection may occur for many different reasons and can affect children or adults. Osteomyelitis may occur as a result of a bacterial bloodstream infection, sometimes called bacteremia, or sepsis, that spreads to the bone.
Osteomyelitis of facial bones is an uncommon condition. Maxillary osteomyelitis is rare compared to mandibular osteomyelitis because the extensive blood supply and strut-like bone of the maxilla make it less vulnerable to chronic infections. We report an unusual case of maxillary osteomyelitis involving the right half of the maxilla in a year-old, systemically healthy female.
Osteomyelitis involving maxilla is quite rare when compared to that of mandible. Fungal osteomyelitis is very rarely seen and documented in the maxillofacial area. It is devastating to patients if it is invasive in nature.
Antibacterial drugs should only be prescribed for the treatment of oral infections on the basis of defined need. They may be used in conjunction with but not as an alternative to other appropriate measures, such as providing drainage or extracting a tooth. In severe oral infections, a sample should always be taken for bacteriology.
Skull base osteomyelitis SBO is a complex and fatal clinical entity that is often misdiagnosed for malignancy. SBO is commonly a direct complication of otogenic, sinogenic, odontogenic, and rhinogenic infections and can present as central, atypical, or pediatric clival SBO. This review describes the clinical profi le, investigational approach, and management techniques for these variants.